Victorian mammals come in all shapes and sizes, from the smallest native mouse to the largest animal on earth, the majestic blue whale.
Most mammals live solely on land, but some live in our seas such as dolphins, seals and whales, and others live in our rivers and creeks, like the platypus.
There are even mammals that have learnt to fly, like bats, and others, aptly named gliders, that glide through tree tops.
Mammals are generally characterised by hair or fur on their bodies and almost all suckle their young on milk.
Milk provides a rich source of fat and proteins to help young mammals grow. Most mammals also give birth to live young, although the platypus and echidna lay eggs.
There are 139 mammal species in Victoria. This includes some of our most iconic and internationally renowned species, such as kangaroos, wallabies, koalas, possums, wombats, platypus and echidnas.
Did you know?
- Some kangaroos can hop at speeds of up to 65 kilometres per hour and bound up to 6 meters in one hop.
- Wombats can dig burrows up to 30 meters long.
- The duck-like bill of the platypus is flexible and soft and helps it to search for food by picking up electrical currents from its prey.
- The heart of a blue whale is about the size of a small car.
- A feather tail glider can glide up to 25 meters in one leap.
- Baby echidnas and platypuses are called puggles and each spine on an echidna's coat is formed from a single hair.
- Koalas spend up to 20 hours a day sleeping and resting as their eucalyptus leaf diet is not very nutritious, so this is how they conserve energy.
Download the following fact sheets for interesting facts and information on some of Victoria's mammals:
- Chocolate wattled bat
- Chocolate wattled bat (accessible version)
- Common brushtail possum
- Common brushtail possum (accessible version)
- Common ringtail possum
- Common ringtail possum (accessible version)
- Eastern grey kangaroo
- Eastern grey kangaroo (accessible version)
- Echidna (accessible version)
- Southern right whale
- Southern right whale (accessible version)
- Blue whale
- Blue whale (accessible version)
- Humpback whale
- Humpback whale (accessible version)
- Bottlenose dolphin
- Bottlenose dolphin (accessible version)